Brenna and her lifelong friend Megan are catching up on the latest in each other’s lives,

In: Nursing

Brenna and her lifelong friend Megan are catching up on the latest in each other’s lives,…

Brenna and her lifelong friend Megan are catching up on the latest in each other’s lives, and they are discussing how shocked they were to hear about the deaths of two of their high school classmates. Now in their late forties, Brenna and Megan have both had families and their own personal share of health issues, but no one they know in their age group has had cancer before. They feel like they’re still “too young” to know people their age who pass away, let alone from cancer.

1. Megan expresses her fears about developing cancer. She tells Brenna how cancer runs in her family, with family members on both sides having had a cancer diagnosis before. Megan is paranoid that this fear is starting to take over her life because she is constantly reading about ways to prevent cancer. One of the topics that keeps getting brought up in her readings is healthy eating and foods that may cause cancer.

Which of the following is considered to be part of a “carcinogenic diet”?

a. high animal-based protein intake
b. high alcohol consumption
c. high fat intake
d. low fruit and vegetable intake
e. low fiber intake
f. All of these are correct.

2. Reflecting on what has happened to many of their classmates, Megan and Brenna realize how healthy they are compared to the majority of their graduating class. Both struggled with celiac disease and endometriosis in their twenties and early thirties, but through diet and lifestyle, they were able to manage and minimize their conditions. Neither has had a major health problem in over 16 years.

Brenna and Megan’s nutritional health could be defined as what according to the Continuum of Nutritional Health?

a. chronic condition
b. terminal illness and death
c. resilient and healthy.
d. clinical condition
e. altered substrate availability
f. nonspecific signs and symptoms

3. Brenna and Brett’s girls are now in high school. Their parents have always taught them to “choose the rainbow” in order to consume a variety of nutrients in their diet. One day, Silvia asks her mom, “Why do we even have to do this? I hate fruit.” Brenna explains that certain compounds in many plant-based foods have been shown to reduce chronic disease risk.

Which of the following compounds is she talking about?

a. aromatic compounds
b. oxidative compounds
c. phenolic compounds
d. flavonoid compounds
4. Megan and Brenna keep each other accountable in taking their daily blend of potassium, calcium, folate, and vitamin D supplements. They have heard that all of these micronutrients help with bone growth and development. Brenna’s mom had osteoporosis in her 60s, and Brenna is worried she will have a higher likelihood of developing it.

True or False: These four nutrients—potassium, calcium, folate, and vitamin D—all play a role in decreasing the risk of osteoporosis.

a. True
b. False

5. Brenna says that she has been keeping up with her vitamin D supplements and, after reading a recent article online, she has also been eating foods with lots of vitamins A and E, as they are both rich in antioxidants. Brenna rattles off several awesome health benefits of getting these nutrients from food. Then she lets Megan know that the real promoting factor in eating foods rich in these nutrients is that they “help keep you looking pretty longer. Why give that up a day sooner than need be?”

Which of the following are roles of vitamin E?

a. anti-inflammatory properties
b. increasing turgor of skin
c. involved in immune function
d. maintenance and repair of cell membranes
e. anti-inflammatory properties, involved in immune function, and maintenance and repair of cell membranes
f. All of these are correct.

6. Brenna and Megan have been very busy for the past decade taking care of their growing children. They are now hoping to look after themselves a bit more. They decide to partner up and make New Year’s resolutions about living a healthier lifestyle, in particular regarding the Physical Activity Guidelines.

Which goal matches the Physical Activity Guidelines?

a. 100 minutes of moderate activity per week
b. 150 minutes of moderate activity per week
c. 75 minutes of moderate activity per week
d. 120 minutes of moderate activity per week
e. 60 minutes of moderate activity per week

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