Self-esteem is a person’s evaluation of his or her own sense of self, which is fundamentally positive or negative (Sedikides & Gregg, 2002). This is a multifaceted construct that can be delineated further as both dispositional or enduring (trait self-esteem) or as a “transient psychological condition” (state self-esteem) (Sedikides & Gregg, 2010, p. 101). Those with extremely high self-esteem are understood as narcissistic and rely more heavily on validation from others to maintain their sense of self (Kernis & Paradise, 2002). Those with a positive self-esteem tend to have a realistic view of themselves and can maintain their sense of self independently.

For this Discussion, review this week’s media program, Week 2: The Virtual Office, and select one of the women in the program exhibiting positive self-esteem or narcissistic personality style. Explain the potential outcomes that might develop based on the woman’s behavior.

With these thoughts in mind:

Post by Day 4 an explanation of the difference between positive self-esteem and narcissistic personality style. Then describe whether the woman you selected in the media exhibits positive self-esteem or narcissistic personality style and explain why. Finally, based on whether the woman is displaying positive self-esteem or narcissistic personality style, explain two potential outcomes of her behavior in her work setting.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.

Respond by Day 6 to your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:Ask a probing question.Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.Offer and support an opinion.Validate an idea with your own experience.Make a suggestion.Expand on your colleague’s posting.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned and/or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.


Kernis, M. H., & Paradise, A. W. (2002). Distinguishing between fragile and secure forms of high self-esteem. In E. L. Deci and R. M. Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of self-determination research (pp. 339–360). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.

Sedikides, C., & Gregg, A. P. (2002). Internal mechanisms that implicate the self enlighten the egoism-altruism debate. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25(2), 274–275.

Sedikides, C., & Gregg, A. P. (2010). Portraits of the self. In M. A. Hogg & J. Copper (Eds.), The Sage handbook of social psychology (pp. 93–122). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

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