Personality Well Being Matrix

Personality Well Being Matrix

Psychology of Personality
Personality and Well-Being Literature Review Matrix
Instructions:
Select a minimum of three peer-reviewed articles about your topic that demonstrate how the research has shown that a given area of personality can be used to enhance the well-being of individuals.
Additionally, all articles must be current (5 years or newer).
Research Topic: (Enter here your chosen topic that relates to the connection between a given personality construct and enhanced well-being.)
Article Citation in APA format Design of Study (e.g., quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, meta-analysis, case study, etc.) Research Questions Methodology (e.g., participants, questionnaites, etc.) Results of Study Take-Home Message of the Study (i.e., what does this study say about enhancing the well-being of individuals?)
1 Allan, N. P., Oglesby, M. E., Uhl, A., & Schmidt, N. B. (2017). Cognitive risk factors explain the relations between neuroticism and social anxiety for males and females. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 46(3), 224–238. case study Participants: The study consisted of 462 participants recruited through an online source. The participants were mainly female (64.3%), ages ranging from 18 to 77. The majority of the participants. A great number of participants identified as Caucasian (87.2%), followed by African American (5.6%), Asian (3.9%), American Indian or Alaskan Native (.4%), Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (.2%), and other (e.g. biracial; 2.7%), and 6.9% of the sample identified as Hispanic or Latino. b. Procedure: The research recruited the participants through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk to complete an online survey. They advertised the online survey as an examination of risk factors for anxiety and related to pathology. The topic of social anxiety was not necessarily targeted. The participation took about one hr and the participants were paid $1.00 for their contribution. In order to be eligible for the study participants had to live in the United States, 18 years of age or older, and must have indicated high quality work on the previous Mturk tasks. c. Measures: 1. Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS). The researchers used the SIAS as their measurement to obtain their data. The SIAS is a 20-item self-report questionnaire used to measure the participants affective, cognitive, and behavioral reactions to a social interaction situation. 2. Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IS): The IUS is a 12-item questionnaire adapted from the original 27-item IUS to evaluate an individual’s capacity to tolerate the uncertainty of ambiguous situations, Munoz 2 cognitive and behavioral response to uncertainty, perceived implications of uncertainty, and attempts to control the future. 3. Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3): The ASI-3 is an 18-item self-report questionnaire created to measure feared consequences of sensations associated with anxious arousal. 4. Big Five Inventory (BFI)- Neuroticism: The BFI is a 44-item self-report questionnaire assessing the Big Five personality traits: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness. The participants were asked to read through a number of attributes and rate how much each item applied to them on a 5-point Likert scale (1- Strongly disagree, 5= Agree strongly). By examining missing data patterns it revealed that five participants had not completed the SEAS and three participants had not completed the BFI neuroticism scale. The relation between the neuroticism factor and the social anxiety factor was no longer significant. Fifty-seven percent of the variance in variance in the social anxiety factor was accounted for by the model. There are several measurements that can be used to measure social anxiety in relation to the Big Five Factors. b. Women reported high levels of neuroticism and social anxiety.
2 Kaplan, S. C., Levinson, C. A., Rodebaugh, T. L., Menatti, A., & Weeks, J. W. (2015). Social Anxiety and the Big Five Personality Traits: The Interactive Relationship of Trust and Openness. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 44(3), 212–222. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1080/16506073.2015.1008032 casy study a. Participants (First Study): There were 502 undergraduates from a private Midwestern university who were mainly Caucasian and women, with a mean age of 19.04. Participants completed a paper and pencil questionnaire in exchange for extra credit in a psychology course. All participants provided informed consent. b. Participants (Second Study): There were 698 undergraduates from a public Midwestern university who were mainly Caucasian and women, with a mean age of 19.03. Participants completed a paper and pencil questionnaire in exchange for extra credit in a psychology course. All participants provided informed consent. c. Measures: All measures administered in Study 1 were also administered in Study 2. Munoz 7 1. Mini-International Personality Item Pool Inventory: It is a 20-item measure of the five basic personality factors: extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness. 2. International Personality Item Pool-NEO: This is a 120-item representation of the 30 facets of the Big Five Factors.With this measurement the authors drew items from the 300-item with the strongest psychometric properties: achievement-striving, anger, immoderation, self-discipline, self-efficacy, sympathy, and trust Consistent with previous research, the SAS correlated positively with neuroticism, negatively with extraversion, and had weaker negative relationships with agreeableness, openness, trust, and self-efficacy. The researchers tested whether zero-order relationships between S-SIAS and the big five personality factors. The correlations between S-SIAS and neuroticism and extraversion differed significantly from the corrections made between S-SIAS and agreeableness. They used a multiple regression that included gender to test the moderation of the study. Their hypothesis was partially supported, There was some interaction found between trust and openness, such as that individuals can score low in both trust and openness. b. Results were replicated in Study 2 using the composite measure of social anxiety Conducting the same study twice can show some similarities and differences. b. The research should be more diverse to get better data. This study had mainly Caucasian undergraduate students with a high proportion of women.
3 Armon, G., Shirom, A., & Melamed, S. (2012). The big five personality factors as predictors of changes across time in burnout and its facets. Journal of Personality, 80(2), 403–427. case study Participants: The study consisted of 1,930 participants (1,221 males and 709 females). The participants were apparently healthy and employed adults who were sent by their employers for a health examination. The researchers excluded 439 respondents (292 males and 147 females) from the study based due to specific reasons. b. Measures: The study questionnaire provided background, occupational, psychological, and physical factors. The Big Five Mini-Marker Scale was used in the study, which consists of 40 adjectives that may be worded positively or negatively (eight words were for each of the five Big Five: Neuroticism. Extraversion,, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness). The intercorrelation matrix of the variables was included in the analysis and their means and standard deviation. On average, there was significant decrease in the global burnout level and also in the levels of each of the factors from the follow up. The figures and tables depict the detailed results of the tests of the hypothesis. Neuroticism was positively predicted to affect burnout and its three facets, and was eventually supported. b. The across-time effect of the Big Five on burnout and its factors, controlling for the effects of age, depressive symptoms, work hours, and gender demonstrated support to an extent. Personality traits are involved in the causes of burnout over time in gender-specific ways.
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