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Prepare Review Matrix
[You do not need an introduction or assignment purpose statement for this activity.Fill out the Literature Review Matrix/Table below using concise content from the first five articles you selected for your literature review.The syllabus contains a template for the matrix, unfortunately it was developed in landscape orientation. Eventually your matrix will be pasted into your final assignment which will be presented in portrait orientation. The template below is already in portrait orientation and you will save time and a bit of frustration if you use it.
If you chose any sources in unit 3 that were not research reports, you will have to replace them before filling out the matrix. See the supplementary document I provided called Research Report Identification. (This supplementary document is not in the syllabus; however, I have made it available to you by email before the course began as well as by a download link under my course room welcome announcement.)
There are several challenging elements of this chart. Additional guidance has been provided for each one below. Review these carefully before you begin work on the chart.
1. In the first column of the matrix you were to provide the Article Citation to indicate the article using the same format as you would for an in-text citation. There is an important difference between an in-text citation and a reference. An in-text citation is a concise identification of a source using the author’s last name and the year of publication that is included at various points in the body of a paper to show which sources support each claim. For example: (Brophy, 2019). Each in-text citation must have a fully developed reference at the end of the paper that includes the author’s name, year of publication, title of the article, name of the journal and so on. For example:
Brophy, J. E. (2019). Teacher praise: A functional analysis. Review of Educational Research, 51(1), 5-32.
The definitive guide to properly formatting in-text citations begins on page 253 of the 7th Ed. of the APA manual with specific examples beginning on page 262. Click the link below to see clear examples of what in-text citations look like.
2. Students are often not sure how to identify the Database of Source. There is a simple and effective way to do this. If you paste the title of the article into the search box of Roadrunner Search you will see the database identified after the word Database. See the screen shot below and notice the highlighted section. You should fill in the name of the database for each source in the second column of your chart.
3. Perhaps the most challenging column in the chart is the one titled Method/Design. It is impossible for you to do this correctly unless you are discussing an actual research report. If the source you are writing about is not a research report, and you feel it is a very valuable article you want for your literature review, instead of identifying the method and design you can write “This is not a research report” in the appropriate cell. However, please be sure to review the document located at https://www.dropbox.com/s/9wv0rhafrqsxbg8/EDR8200%203%20Research%20Report%20Identification.docx?dl=0 which explains how to identify a research report.
Assuming you are working with a research report, you should know that there are three basic methods for conducting research: quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. A concise definition of each type is found at https://apus.libanswers.com/faq/2405. If these terms are new to you, you should do some additional exploration using these links which in turn will lead you to other helpful links. These links will also help you learn which research designs fall under these three overall methods.
It is important that you begin to learn about the various research designs for each of the three methodologies. Google the following search phrases: qualitative research designs, quantitative research designs, and mixed methods research designs. There is so much to learn about research that you should not wait until you will begin your research courses to start exploring it. This is a great opportunity for you to make a good start in this important area of learning for doctoral students.
The authors of research reports you will be summarizing in the chart nearly always indicate whether their research is quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods. And, they nearly always indicate which specific research design they used under each of these categories. Here are some typical entries that you might have in this column of your chart: quantitative/experiment, qualitative/case study, quantitative/correlational, qualitative/phenomenology, and so on.
In the unlikely event the authors are offering a research report and have not named their specific research design; you can offer a brief description of how the research was conducted instead. This brief description should include how the data was collected and processed.
4. Also, notice the column titled Target Population. Before beginning, you may find it helpful to view the brief article about the difference between population and sample in a research project found at https://keydifferences.com/difference-between-population-and-sample.html.
5. Summarize the Key Findings/Results as briefly as you can and still clearly indicate what the research uncovered.
6. Under the heading titled Call for Future Research, concisely explain what the authors recommend to extend the research they have begun. In some very rare cases, the authors might not call for future research. If so, you can enter the following phrase: no future research was called for.
Because so much information must be filled in the chart below, you will notice that the font size has been set to 10 points. Please do not change that, otherwise it will be challenging to include all the information that is called for. It is good practice to spend time and effort required to complete the chart well because you will be extending it in units 6 and 7 and it will be graded each time.]
Topic of Literature Review
[In one sentence, explain what the topic of your literature review will be. This section of the assignment is needed so the relevance of the articles you have selected can be evaluated.]
|Article Citation||Database or Source||MethodandDesign||Target Population||Key Findings/Results||Call for Future Research|
|Ex (Brody, 2021)||Database- Science Direct|
Below is some helpful guidance on reference formatting. It belongs on your personal writing checklist. Please remove it from your assignment before submitting.
APA Reference List Formatting Checklist
You should bookmark the following website provided by the APA. It provides 95% of everything you will need to know about APA form and style following the 7th edition of the APA publication manual. When the website opens, click the down arrow beside Style and Grammar Guidelines. https://apastyle.apa.org/ Also, you should download the sample student paper provided by the APA that illustrates most of the common APA form and style protocols you are expected to follow at NCU. Click the following link. It opens as a preview, use the Open command in the upper right-hand corner, choose the Open in Word option, and save it on your hard drive where you can find it easily. You may want to refer to it often. https://www.dropbox.com/s/rr48yxs8vmijp7x/Sample%20APA%20student-paper.docx?dl=0
Also, below are some sample references so you can see what they look like. Many students find it helpful to save these and use them as a quick reference when developing their journal article references for future assignments. A good place to save them would be your Personal Writing Checklist. Notice the list of twelve points about various formatting issues that follows the examples. They draw your attention to the most common errors students make.
Brophy, J. E. (2015). Teacher praise: A functional analysis. Review of Educational Research, 51(1), 5-32.
Ilies, R., & Judge, T.A. (2014). Goal regulation across time: The effects of feedback and affect. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(3), 453-467. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.90.3.453
Nelson, B. D., Jackson, F., Amir, N., &Hajcak, G. (2017). Attention bias modification reduces neural correlates of response monitoring. Biological Psychology, 129, 103–110. doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.08.059
Twelve-Point Reference Formatting Checklist
1. References are listed alphabetically by the lead author’s last name.
2. They are presented using hanging indents. To create a hanging indent, use your mouse to highlight the entire reference and hold down the Control key while you press the “T” key. (This is a built-in shortcut in Microsoft Word.)
3. The first and middle names of authors are represented as initials.
4. The titles of articles only have the first word capitalized and the first word of the secondary title following the colon (if there is one) capitalized. If the title contains any proper nouns such as America or Chicago, they would also be capitalized. See the full explanation at https://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2012/03/how-to-capitalize-and-format-reference-titles-in-apa-style.html Scroll down to the Reference List Entry Examples and examine the capitalization of the title of the article and of the book.
5. The names of the journals are presented in italics and are capitalized.
6. The names of the journals are followed by the issue number, volume number, and page number. The issue number is italicized but the others are not. Some journals do not use volume numbers, just issue numbers. One clue to this is if the issue number is very large, often in the hundreds.
7. If there is more than one author, they are separated with commas but the last one is preceded by the ampersand symbol (&) instead of a comma.
8. Examine the punctuation used in all references between authors initials, between authors names, after the year of publication, after the title of the article, and between the volume number, issue number, and page range. Carefully follow the pattern used in the provided examples.
9. Examine the spacing used in all references.
10. Database information and links to articles are seldom included in a reference. See the full explanation at https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/database-information .
11. Digital Object Identifiers (doi) should be included when they are available. Note that the abbreviation is presented in all lower case. See the full explanation at https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/dois-urls .
12. Only sources that are cited in the paper using in-text citations are included in the reference list. All sources that are cited must be included with a few exceptions. See the full explanation at https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/works-included .