Sample Annotated Bibliography Entry:

Sample Annotated Bibliography Entry:

M. Wilson, R. O’Hanlon, S. Prasad, A. Deighan, P. MacMillan, D. Oxborough, R. Godfrey, G. work either Smith, A. Maceira, S. Sharma, K. George, G. Whyte. (2011). Diverse patterns of myocardial fibrosis in lifelong, veteran endurance athletes. Journal of Applied Physiology, 110 (6), 1622-1626 DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01280.2010

The authors of this original study reported on morphological characteristics of the hearts, evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), of twelve life- long endurance athletes between the ages of 50 and 67 and compared their observations with 20 non-endurance athletes ages 52-69 and with seventeen younger endurance athletes between 26 and 40 years of age. They hypothesized that life-long veteran endurance athletes develop structural changes to their hearts that may have adverse effects and place them at higher risk for cardiac events. Their findings supported this hypothesis in that significant differences were observed in the images obtained between the three groups.

The Journal of Applied Physiology is published by the American Physiological Society and is considered a leading publication in the field of physiology research. The lead author is Dr. Mathew G. Wilson, Department of Sports Medicine, ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar. Dr. Wilson has extensive experience testing athletes and over 60 publications. Dr. Wilson is also a high-level endurance athlete himself providing him with direct experience and deeper insight into this issue. There are no conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, are declared by the author(s).

Below is an example of another source used for the paper for comparison (annotation not included):

Benito, B. (2011) Cardiac Arrhythmogenic Remodeling in a Rat Model of Long-Term Intensive Exercise Training. Circulation 123, 13-22. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.1 10.938282

Sources are from journals, books, or websites and based on current and credible scientific work directly

or indirectly and are written in APA reference list format.

The summary is approximately 4-6

sentences including a topic sentence stating the main topic of the source, whether the source is original

research or a review of the topic, and states main conclusions.

The evaluation is approximately 4-6

sentences that states the source’s type/format (e.g.,

peer-reviewed journal paper, website, book),

provides evidence of the author’s authority, and

evaluates other criteria of the source (e.g., website’s sponsoring organization,

journal or book publisher). Use proper scientific

terminology and be sure to

proofread for writing errors.

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