In your previous assignments, you explored social structure and social learning theories in understanding crime and deviance. Subculture theories focus on gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures. Building upon the Unit 5 assignment, expand on the causes of crime and delinquency for your selected group or gang. Review Walter B. Miller’s lower-class focal concerns relative to criminal behavior. Focal concerns are specific values, such as toughness or street smartness, that evolve to fit conditions in lower-class environments. According to this theory, such focal concerns can promote illegal or violent behavior. Some theorists refer to this focal concerns as the code of the streets. These unique conduct norms assist us in understanding lower-class culture and environments.
Does a distinct lower-class culture exist in the urban area (gang or group) you selected? Why or why not? After reviewing the focal concerns Miller talks about, does your gang or group fit into this criminological model, and which major points of the theory apply? Explain.
Review the Social Forces, Gangs, and Crime – Part 2 Scoring Guide to understand the grading criteria for this assignment.
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