19-1 What benefits do employees receive under the FLSA?
19-2 Explain how workers’ compensation laws benefit both employers and employees but in different ways.
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19-3 What requirements are imposed on an employer by the Family and Medical Leave Act?
19-4 What remedies can an employee seek if an employer violates the Family and Medical Leave Act?
20-4 Describe the roles of the NLRA and its general counsel.
20-5 What is the difference between violating a board rule and committing an unfair labor practice?
20-6 What advice would you give to an employer that wants to adopt some form of employee participation program but is concerned about the legality of such programs?
21-7 The City of Los Angeles provided equal monthly retirement benefits for men and women of the same age, seniority, and salary. The benefits were partially paid for by employee contribution and partially by employer contributions. Because women, on the average, live longer than men, the city required women to make contributions to the retirement fund that were 14.84 percent higher than those made by men. Was this a violation of the Civil Rights Act?
21-8 JoAnn, Ann, and Bryon were all laboratory analysts, performing standardized chemical tests on various materials. JoAnn was hired first, with no previous experience, and was trained on the job by the supervisor. She later trained Ann. When Bryon was hired, he was trained by the supervisor with the assistance of the two women. All initially worked the same shift and received the same pay. Then Bryon received a 5-cent-per-hour raise and was to work a swing shift every other two weeks. Was his higher wage a violation of the Equal Pay Act?
21-9 Administrators of an Ohio Christian school refused to renew a teacher’s contract after she became pregnant, on the basis of its belief that “a mother’s place is in the home.” When she filed sex discrimination charges under the state civil rights statute, she was fired. Was this termination unlawful?
21-10 Ellen’s immediate supervisor repeatedly required her to have “closed door” meetings with him, in violation of company policy. As a consequence, rumors began to spread that the two were having an office romance, although the meetings in fact involved her boss’s trying to convince Ellen to loan him money, again in violation of company policy. When Ellen asked her immediate supervisor to try to stop the rumors, he said he found them somewhat amusing and refused to do anything to stop them. As a consequence of the rumors, she began to be treated as an “outcast” by her coworkers and received low evaluations from other supervisors in the areas of “integrity” and “interpersonal relations.” She was passed over for two promotions for which she had applied. She filed an action against her employer on the ground that her supervisor had created a hostile environment by his refusal to stop the rumors. Do you believe she has a valid claim under Title VII? Why or why not? Are there any other causes of action she might raise?