Which of the following explains why a diabetic patient urinate frequently

48. Which of the following explains why a diabetic patient urinate frequently *
1 point
A. Because he/she drinks a lot of water
B. High glucose levels in the urine draws additional water out of the blood increasing the amount of urine produced
C. Because diabetes causes the bladder to be weak and hence releases its content more frequently.
D. None of the above
49. Which of the following explains why Weight loss and increased appetite occurs in diabetic patients *
1 point
A. This is as a result of nutrient depletion when insulin is deficient.
B. As a result of lack of exercise
C. Because of effective receptors
D. Due to the absence of glucagon
50. Increased hunger, dehydration, increased infections, blurred vision, weight loss and fatigue are ALL symptoms of *
1 point
A. Hypertension
B. Marasmus
C. Peptic ulcer
D. Diabetes
51. Determines clients’ nutrients requirements, monitors clients’ nutrient intakes, develops, implements and evaluates clients’ nutrition care plans. These are some of the major responsibilities of a *
1 point
A. Physician
B. Technician
C. Dietician
D. Pharmacist
52. Loss of subcutaneous fat over the buttocks and thighs of a marasmic child is referred to as *
1 point
A. First degree marasmus
B. Second degree marasmus
C. Third degree marasmus
D. Four degree marasmus
53. It is a clinical syndrome and a form of malnutrition characterized by slow rate of growth due to deficient of protein intake, high CHO diet and vitamins & minerals deficiency. *
1 point
A. Marasmic kwashiorkor
B. Marasmus
C. Stunting
D. Kwashiorkor
54. Which of the following is NOT normally a symptom of Kwashiorkor? *
1 point
A. loss of subcutaneous fat
B. Edema,
C. Hair changes
D. Skin changes
55. People who are obese are more likely to suffer from: *
1 point
A. Coronary heart disease;
B. Type 2 diabetes;
C. Gall stones;
D. All the above.
56. Which of the following is referred to as milk sugar? *
1 point
A. Sucrose
B. Lactose
C. Maltose
D. Galactose
57. The vast majority of this nutrient in human nutrition is created from the breakdown of starch in the small intestine. *
1 point
A. Glycogen
B. Fructose
C. Glucose
D. Maltose
58. The process of converting glycogen back to glucose is known as *
1 point
A. Glycogenolysis.
B. Glycogenesis
C. Glycolysis
D. Gluconelysis
59. Which of the following is an example of a Glycolipid? *
1 point
A. Lecithin
B. Cephalin
C. Cholesterol
D. Phospholipid
60. One of the main omega-3 fatty acids in fish is *
1 point
A. Arachidonic Acid
B. Eicosapentaenoic Acid
C. Linoleic Acid
D. Linolenic Acid
61. The goals of nutritional intervention in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease are to ………………………..and…………………the secretion of stomach acid to maintain the resistance of the GI epithelial tissue to acid *
1 point
A. increase, neutralize
B. decrease, neutralize
C. increase, concentrate
D. decrease, delete
62. Vitamin B12 is also known as *
1 point
A. Pantothenic Acid
B. Biotin
C. Cyanocobalamin
D. Thiamine
63. Polydipsia means
1 point
A. Extreme thirst
B. Extreme hunger
C. Frequent urination
D. Profuse sweating
64. ………are organic compounds made of Carbon, Oxygen and Nitrogen *
1 point
A. Glucose
B. Amino Acids
C. Fatty Acids
D. Cellulose
65. A child suffering from………….does not develop oedema, skin or hair changes *
1 point
A. Stunting
B. Marasmus
C. Obesity
D. Kwashiorkor
66. All the following vitamins are Fat soluble EXCEPT *
1 point
A. Vitamin K
B. Vitamin B6
C. Vitamin D
D. Vitamin E
67. The following are all major minerals EXCEPT *
1 point
A. Calcium
B. Phosphorus
C. Iron
D. Magnesium
68. Which organization recommended that infants should be given only breast milk for the first six months of life? *
1 point
69. Requirements for macronutrients and micronutrients on a per-kilogram basis are higher during …………. than at any other stage in the human life cycle. *
1 point
A. Infancy
B. Adulthood
C. Adolescence
D. Middle age
70. Which of the following hormones promotes the release of breast milk when the infant suckles? *
1 point
A. Oxytocin
B. Progesterone
C. Prolactin
D. Glucagon


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